A passenger was making a video out the left side of the aircraft as it floated half-way down the wet runway
. Search YouTube for "Boeing 767 crash at Guatemala City." There were no human fatalities, but the airplane died.
Following the engine shutdown, while in IMC and surrounded by high terrain on all sides, Capt Lanto began preparation for a single-engine ILS to the wet runway
. Recognizing the risks of a single-engine, heavyweight landing on a wet runway
at high density altitude with weather near ILS minimums, Capt Lanto made the decision to emergency jettison his munitions on a controlled range.
Also, information from air traffic control about braking gave flight crews "false confidence in the braking action available on the wet runway
," the report said.
The Airbus A320, operated by Brazilian airline TAM, flying from Porto Alegre in southern Brazil lost control on landing and skidded off the wet runway
, the agency said, quoting airport officials.
The TAM airlines Airbus-320 was en route to Brazil's busiest airport from Porto Alegre when it skidded on the wet runway
, crossed a busy road and slammed into a fuel station and TAM building.
Transport Minister Igor Levitin blamed the wet runway
He said: "We were going towards Coventry when we were told that because of the wet runway
the aircraft could not land because the runway was not long enough to take such a large aircraft.
The pilot was high and fast for landing on a wet runway
, but it appears his aircrew had total confidence in his ability to bring the bird to a safe stop.
But the CAL flight operations manual sets the maximum crosswind limit for landing on a wet runway
at 24 knots, and the Boeing-MD-11 flight manual gives a maximum demonstrated crosswind limit of 35 knots.
The pilot landed the airplane about halfway down the wet runway
with some seven knots of tailwind and 40 degrees of flaps extended.
The antiskid engaged two more times on the wet runway
. Quickly approaching the end of the runway at about 30 knots, my pilot elected to guide the jet onto the taxiway instead of plowing straight ahead into the grass and mud.