This three-year landmark sets in motion a comprehensive evaluation process by the Africa Regional Certification Commission to determine if the entire WHO African Region of 47 countries indeed can be declared to have eradicated wild poliovirus
. Certification that the WHO African Region is free of wild polio is expected in early 2020.
This was the first time that the presence of the wild poliovirus
has been detected from samples at such a large scale in the country's most populous city.
Within the Peshawar district limits, these 18 high-risk union councils have shown highest prevalence of wild poliovirus
in the environmental samples, he said.
([section]) A nonpolio AFP rate of [greater than or equal to] 2 per 100,000 persons aged <15 years is considered sufficiently sensitive to detect a case of wild poliovirus
or cVDPV if poliovirus is circulating.
Laboratory isolated wild poliovirus
from stools and confirmed both to be the polio cases which were notified by NEOC today on January 19, 2019.
Abid Wazir said that the wild poliovirus
is circulating in Peshawar as evidenced from the detection of the same in sewage water, adding that the virus can travel from Peshawar to any part of the province or the country or even outside Pakistan.
Papua New Guinea has not had a case of wild poliovirus
since 1996, and the country was certified as polio-free in 2000 along with the rest of the WHO Western Pacific Region.
It proved hugely successful as no new cases of wild poliovirus
were reported in 2017 and there were just four in 2016.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wild poliovirus
cases have declined more than 99.9% since 1988.
The number of confirmed wild poliovirus
(WPV) cases in Pakistan has declined by 82%: from the 306 confirmed cases seen in 2014 to 54 cases in 2015, and it continues to decline in 2016.
Recent known local diffusion of wild poliovirus
in the United States was in 1979.
UNITED NATIONS, Rabi'II 2, 1437, Jan 12, 2016, SPA -- The World Health Organization (WHO) announced Tuesday that Southeast Asia has completed five years without any case of wild poliovirus