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Caption: X-ray glow from massive cluster of galaxies captured by ESA's XMM-Newton space observatory
The scientists used the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton X-ray space telescope to study the BL Lacertae quasar 1ES 1553+113, an active, supermassive black hole at the centre of a galaxy.
Outside those astronomical objects listed in Table 1, there is another X-ray source, which cannot be observed directly by XMM-Newton due to its high luminosity: Sco X-1 (or V818 Sco) .
The SXDS project was conducted by collaboration between the Subaru observatory and the XMM-Newton survey science center.
To prove the feasibility of the monitoring paradigm with novelty detection we applied it to an already documented anomaly that the ESA satellite XMM-Newton experienced in 2009 and checked when the novelty detection prototype would have been able to detect the anomaly.
Through pictures taken from Herschel and XMM-Newton telescopes, via the European Space Agency, scientists have been able to observe two massive jets streaming from the black hole at the heart of the galaxy - which have the mass of 10 million suns.
This discovery was made possible by new SAAO and Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) observations combined with archival data spanning 27 years, gathered from multiple observatories and satellites including the HST (Hubble Space Telescope), EUVE (Extreme Ultra-Violet Explorer), SWIFT (The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission), XMM-Newton (is ESA's X-ray space observatory), ROSAT (ROentgen SATellite, was an X-ray observatory) and EXOSAT (was the ESA's X-ray Observatory).
Masayuki Tanaka, a special researcher at the University of Tokyo, said his team discovered the galaxy cluster after analyzing X-ray data from the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton observatory and near-infrared ray data from the Subaru telescope in Hawaii.
Aimed at both students and researchers, the collection includes such topics as large-scale radiative transfer simulations of reionizations, the evolution of galaxies from optical and near-infrared surveys, young galaxies in the early universe, results from the deepest extra-galactic surveys at the edge of the x-ray universe, charting the obscured AGN population in the deepest XMM-Newton surveys, the power of stacking x-ray spectroscopy in deep chandra fields, deep radio surveys, proto-clusters and high-z radio galaxies, information from mid-infrared wavelengths, the lifecycle of massive red galaxies, the star formation history of the universe and observing the edge of the universe with gamma-rays.
The cluster was detected in observations covering just one tenth of a percent of the whole sky which were recorded by the X-ray satellite, XMM-Newton.
ESA has had many successful missions recently, including the XMM-Newton, Envisat and Rosetta.
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