The detailed analysis of the obtained CMBs by means of FTIR, XRD
, and SEM is also performed.
These were duplicate samples from various studies; the selection criterion was that the quantity of the sample needed to be sufficient for XRD
From the XRD
patterns, grain size for various phases was calculated, using Debye-Scherrer formula (Using K = 1).
2.2 FT-IR and XRD
Techniques comparison for Drug Classification
was carried out to determine the quantitative crystallinity of the individual PPy:PSS composites synthesized through different pore sizes.
Finally, HPLC, UV-visible spectrophotometer and XRD
measurements were analysed.
X-ray diffraction (XRD
) is a ubiquitous technique to characterize crystal phases, as it produces a signal containing a series of peaks that serve as a fingerprint of the underlying atomic arrangement or crystal structure.
Within this scope, and in extension with earlier works, this study is aimed at quantifying using the XRD
modeling approach, the effect of an in situ applied hydrous perturbation on the hydration behavior and the structural changes of the most used host material in the earlier studies (i.e., the Na-exchanged montmorillonite).
pattern can offer some structure information of materials, and Figure S1 in Supplementary Materials shows the XRD
pattern of 400 nm In film, where 400 nm In film shows no crystal XRD
peak, which means 400 nm In film presents noncrystal aggregation.
. Figure 1(a) shows the XRD
pattern of Zn-HA with various zinc concentrations.
Additionally, Figure 2(b) depicts the insoluble part for inorganic materials that was measured by X-ray diffractometer and analyzed by the High Score Plus software to determine the phase identification of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD
) data of the crystalline materials at the treated sludge samples.