: an economical prebiotic from agroresidues and their health benefits.
Origin Disaccharides Synthetic: enzymatically Lactulose from lactose Oligosaccharides Enzymatic hydrolysis Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) of inulin Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) Naturally in human breast milk Enzymatic conversion of lactose (GOS-LA) or lactulose (GOS-LU) Xylooligosaccharides
(XOS) Naturally in bamboo shoots, fruits, vegetables, milk, and honey Enzymatic hydrolysis of xylan containing lignocellulosic materials Isomaltooligosaccharides Naturally in sake, soy (IMOS) sauce, honey, sugarcane juice and derived products Arabinoxylan oligosaccharides Enzymatic hydrolysis of (AXOS) arabinoxylan (part of fibre fraction of cereal grain) Polysaccharides Chicory root, wheat, Inulin barley, onion and garlic Table 2: Example of marketed prebiotics .
Among the different methods that are used for XOS production, chemo-enzymatic methods are most widely used which consists of two steps i) extraction of xylan from lignocellulosic biomasses using suitable alkali ii) hydrolysis of xylan to xylooligosaccharides
Soluble xylan is a heterogeneous mixture of xylooligosaccharides
of several sizes and its composition varies according to the xylan source and the method employed to solubilize it [37, 38].
Studies on conversion corncobs into xylooligosaccharides
One prebiotic, xylooligosaccharides
, or XOS, has now been shown in human clinical trials to selectively boost bifidobacteria populations in the gut in low doses!
Production and in vitro evaluation of xylooligosaccharides
generated from corn cobs.
The increment in cecal fermentation was likely a result of influx of xylooligosaccharides
which produces VFAs and energy from otherwise indigestible substrates and often leads to a healthier microflora.
PreticX is classified as a prebiotic, and is a non-GMO corn-derived form of oligosaccharides called xylooligosaccharides
(XOS) comprising a group of polysaccharides called xylans.
Prebiotic and other health related effects of cereal-derived arabinoxylans, arabinoxylan oligosaccharides, and xylooligosaccharides
Effect of prebiotic xylooligosaccharides
on growth performances and digestive enzyme activities of allogynogenetic crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio).
I recommend a specialized prebiotic like xylooligosaccharides
(XOS) to preferentially feed the good bacteria.