The primary purpose of this research is to gain a broader understanding of the visitor's experience with geocaching as a secondary attraction complex to YNP
. Results of this study can be utilized to enhance the visitor experience, increase the duration of visits, and guide visitors to specific locations within the National Park.
Of all the wildlife in YNP
, the grizzly bear tends to be the species about which people are most concerned (Olliff & Caslick, 2003).
However, in 2014, a breeding population of Plains Spadefoot (Spea bombifrons) was confirmed in YNP
wolves were managed as a non-essential, experimental population, but lands within YNP
are protected and relatively undeveloped; human-caused mortality was low compared to deaths caused by intraspecific conflicts (Mitchell et al.
possibly exposed-n) ] compared with hunter-killed male and female elk in Upper YNP
prior to wolf restoration (Aguirre et al., 1995), male and female elk combined in the Gravelly-Snowcrest Mountains, Montana during winters 1984-95 (Hamlin and Ross, 2002), and adult female elk in the Garnet Mountains, Montana during winter 2002-04 (2006; M.
The NYWR includes parts of YNP
, the southern third of the Gardiner Ranger District, Gallatin National Forest, and mixed private and state lands (Fig.
The Ansel Adams Gallery, Box 455, YNP
McHugh (1958) found that 14% of a small sample of lodgepole pines (Pinus contorta) horned by bison in Yellowstone National Park (YNP
) were girdled and killed.
The 1988 wildfires in Yellowstone National Park (YNP
), USA, provided an opportunity to assess the impact of catchment level disturbance on many aspects of stream macroinvertebrate populations and communities in a setting which has remained relatively unimpacted by humans for [greater than] 100 yr (Forbes 1893, Mihuc et al., in press; G.W.
Much concern has been expressed in recent decades that trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) is declining in vigor and abundance in Yellowstone National Park (YNP
Based on our data for early postfire succession, most of the burned forests in YNP
appeared to be reestablishing community compositions similar to the prefire vegetation, primarily because extensive biotic residuals persisted even within very large burned areas.