The YOPS will hold sessions to help educate the youngsters and highlight the dangers of underage drinking.
"To date, while several hundred youths have been stopped in possession of alcohol, most have heeded advice from the YOPS."
YOPs have quickly established themselves as a deliberative and participatory forum in which to address a young person's offending.
The findings from early evaluations of YOPs have shown encouraging results (Newburn et al., 2001a; 2001b; 2002; YJB, 2003; Pennant et al., 2004; Crawford and Burden, 2005; Shapland et al., 2007; Sherman and Strang, 2007).
Whilst this research has provided some useful information, very little research has considered how YOPs are delivered, or in fact, linked young offenders' participation to their effectiveness.
In the case of YOPs, there are positive signs that there are moves, albeit small, towards increasing young offenders' participation in ways that are more than just tokenistic (YJB, 2008).
A qualitative methodology was used for this research in order to gain an insight into young offenders views of the way in which YOPs are delivered and if this is meeting their needs.
The main aim of the focus group was to generate information on specific aspects related to the delivery of YOPs. This information would then be used to formulate an interview guide for the second phase of the research.
Participants were asked their general views of YOPs, particularly relating to the preparation of panels, communication with the panel members and effectiveness of YOPs in reducing offending.
Influence of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis outer proteins (Yops) on interleukin-12, tumor necrosis factor alpha and nitric oxide production by peritoneal macrophages.
The pYV plasmid-encoded Yop proteins have been implicated in lymphocyte suppression through downregulation of co-stimulatory molecules (13) and impairment of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-[alpha], and proinflammatory cytokine production (14).