Despite the frequent FIO activity by YVSF officers, these results suggest that they exercise caution in proceeding from an encounter to a frisk or search.
Here again, we see the importance of the YVSF unit in explaining racial disparities in FIO encounters between citizens and police.
(267) This makes sense, since gang members or reputed gang members are well known to the specialized Youth Violence Strike Force (YVSF, informally known as the gang unit), and their observations can be recorded for surveillance and intelligence purposes.
BPD officers assigned to the YVSF make almost 12 times as many FIO reports per month compared to officers assigned to other specialized units or policing districts, controlling for other factors.
The heavy influence of the YVSF officers on FIO activity, coupled with the race-specific patterns shown in Table 7, leads to a further question: whether FIO activity within the YVSF command also varies by officer race.