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YaghYaghnobi (linguistics)
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Sogdian (surviving today only in Yaghnobi) was the lingua franca of the northern Silk Road, leaving behind graffiti as far away as the Indus valley.
inflectional system of eight cases was drastically reduced in pre-POss, to two cases, unmarked nominative or "direct" *-[??] and oblique *-i, a situation preserved in contemporary Yaghnobi (see section 2).
Such a two-case system is attested in contemporary Yaghnobi, the lone surviving (near-) descendant of Sogdian, spoken today by about 2,500 people in the Yaghnob valley in Tajikstan: cf.
*-ayam) would have developed to *-C-aya (2b) > *-C-ya (6) > *-C-i (7); this *-i was subsequently generalized as the oblique ending for all nouns, like Late Sogdian -i and Yaghnobi -i, and survives in the contemporary gen.
These vocabulary items are joined by at least one major morphological innovation peculiar to Ossetic, Sogdian, and Yaghnobi: the formation of the pl.
500 Alanic Saka (Khotanese, 1000 Zelencuk, Late Sogdian (Tumshuqese) Tzetzes 1500 Jasz 2000 Ossetic Yaghnobi
Notably, the Sogdian dialect ancestral to modern Yaghnobi appears to have escaped the effects of the Rhythmic Law (cf.
That the ancestor of Yaghnobi never underwent the typically Sogdian redistribution of stress is problematic only if one adheres to a rigid Stammbaum model for the historical evolution of East Iranian, or of Iranian in general.
Yaghnobi panc odam-i "five people," Xromov 1972: 21-22), probably has a different origin; it cannot continue PIr.
(19.) Interestingly, Yaghnobi appears to descend from a dialect of Sogdian which did not undergo the Rhythmic Law; cf.
, 186), while in Modern Sogdian (Yaghnobi) this element seems to precede the original demonstrative, as in nahis (<is) and nahax (<ax).