(Group 2) The Laser-etched group, which consisted of 25 premolar teeth which were etched using Erbiumdoped yttrium aluminum garnet
(Er: YAG, Fotona, Light walker AT, Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU).
2- Middle output power lasers are [C[O.sub.2] laser, neodymium- or erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
(Nd:YAG, Er:YAG lasers) and erbium, chromium doped: yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (erbium, CnYSGG) lasers] (15).
BOSTON -- Using a 650-microsecond, pulsed 1,064-nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
(Nd:YAG) laser to treat infantile hemangiomas can yield high clearance rates after one treatment, without adverse reactions, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery.
Many treatment ways, ranging from endobronchial techniques (yttrium aluminum garnet
(YAG) laser, argon plasma coagulation, etc.) to surgical resection, are available.
The use of the erbium yttrium aluminum garnet
(Er:YAG) laser to remove carious tissue and prepare cavities started at the end of the 1980s in a study by Hibst and Keller.
Erythema ab igne successfully treated using 1,064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
laser with low fluence.
The laser devices most commonly used in oral soft tissues surgery are the diode (600-980 nm), the potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP, 532 nm), the carbon dioxide laser (C[O.sub.2], 10600 nm), the neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
(Nd:YAG, 1064 nm), and the erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
(Er:YAG 2940 nm).
Yajima, "Coprecipitation synthesis and sintering of yttrium aluminum garnet
(YAG) powders: the effect of precipitant," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol.
In this work, an yttrium aluminum garnet
(YAG) phosphor incorporated ZnO film is deposited on silicon substrate by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis to form a ZnO:YAG/silicon nanostructure diode.
A yttrium aluminum garnet
(YAG), C[0.sub.2], or diode pumped laser or other form of radiant energy is then used to make a high contrast positive mark by fusing the material to the glass.
The topics include oxide laser crystals doped with rare earth and transition metal ions, nonlinear crystals for solid-state lasers, operation regimes for solid-state lasers, neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet
and neodymium-doped yttrium orthovanadate, microchip lasers, mid-infrared optical parametric oscillators, surgical solid-state lasers and their clinical applications, and environmental applications of solid-state lasers.
Examples of specific topics discussed in the volume include low-temperature fabrication of polycrystalline yttrium aluminum garnet
powder via a mechanochemical solid reaction of nanocrystalline yttria with transition alumina, formation of hollow zinc oxide by oxidation and subsequent thermal treatment, antifungal effectiveness of nanosilver colloid against rose powdery mildew in greenhouses, reflectometry studies of mesoporous silica thin films, methane storage on surface modified activated carbons, and thermal behaviors and fracture toughness of polyurethane- dispersed difunctional epoxy resins.