Mobilization of body fat may lead to the formation of ketone bodies, such as acetoacetate
, acetone, and BHBA, which can then be used for energy supply or milk fat synthesis [4,5].
and 3-HIB were correlated and were elevated in both T1DM and T2DM women, whereas only 3-HIB was elevated in the IGT group.
and [beta]-hydroxybutyrate as substances that are soluble in aqueous solutions are easily transported from the liver to peripheral tissues as they require no albumin or lipoprotein for this process .
A mixture of ethyl acetoacetate/4-chloroethyl acetoacetate
(1, 1 mmol), aryl/hetro-aryl aldehyde (2, 1 mmol), hydroxylamine hydrochloride (3, 1 mmol), and 15 mol% of KI was stirred in distilled water (5 mL) at rt.
functional oligomer, 510--400, makes the hardest film; it also has the lowest equivalent weight and the highest functionality.
The bromide 10 (23.0 g, prepared from 79 mmol of 7) was added to a stirred mixture of methyl acetoacetate
(17.4 g, 150 mmol) and [K.sub.2]C[O.sub.3] (29.0 g, 210 mmol) in acetone (100 mL) and DMF (20 mL).
decomposes to carbon dioxide and acetone, the smelly solvent best known for its ability to remove nail polish.
Ethy 1-2-methyl acetoacetate
was classified as Cat.
Ketone bodies, acetoacetate
and acetone, increased 40% (p = 0.02) at 10 mg/kg and decreased 28% (p = 0.03) at 30 mg/kg with [alpha]-HBCD exposure.
Nilufar et al., "Acetoacetate
protects neuronal cells from oxidative glutamate toxicity," Journal of Neuroscience Research, vol.
Metabolites: (1) LDL/VLDL, (2) isoleucine, (3) leucine, (4) valine, (5) 3-hydroxybutyrate, (6) lactate, (7) alanine, (8) lysine, (9) acetate, (10) acetone, (11) acetoacetate
, (12) glutamate, (13) pyruvate, (14) succinate, (15) glutamine, (16) citrate, (17) N,N- dimethylglycine, (18) creatine, (19) choline, (20) O- phosphocholine, (21) betaine, (22) glycine, (23) glucose, (24) serine, (25) fumarate, (26) tyrosine, (27) T- methylhistidine, (28) phenylalanine, and (29) format.
 Citrate, glutamine, acetone, pyruvate, [beta]-hydroxyisobutyrate, acetoacetate
, histidine, dimethylamine, and creatinine had a high diagnostic accuracy for the discrimination of AIH from PBC.