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References in periodicals archive ?
Health experts in the United States and across the world now recommend that people start antiretroviral therapy as soon as they test positive for HIV.
"While most patients living with HIV can be successfully treated using a combination of two or more antiretroviral drugs, a small percentage of patients who have taken many HIV drugs in the past have multidrug-resistant HIV, limiting their treatment options," Jeff Murray, M.D., deputy director of the FDA's Division of Antiviral Products, said in a statement.
"The new findings suggest an alternative form of HIV therapy that may eliminate a requirement for lifelong daily antiretroviral therapy, potentially improving the quality of life for people living with the virus and reducing the staggering, unmet cost of antiretroviral therapy for the 37 million people worldwide who need it," said Aftab Ansari, co-leader of the study.
These oral lesions are strongly associated to low CD4+ count and high viral load.2 Antiretroviral therapy is given to HIV/AIDS patients that usually consists of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) alongwith non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) or protease inhibitor (PI).3 Antiretroviral therapy reduces the viral load by inhibiting the viral replication and results in the reconstitution of the immune system alongwith the increase in CD4+ lymphocyte count.4 Frequency of oral lesions has been reported to be decreased after antiretroviral therapy (ART) especially in case of oral candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, necrotizing periodontal conditions and various AIDS related malignancies like Kaposi sarcoma.5
A higher proportion of participants in the home group than in the facility group initiated antiretroviral therapy (2.2% vs.
As of 2012, 9.7 million people in low- and middle-income countries were on antiretroviral therapy, with the biggest increase recorded in 2012.
The infant was discharged from the hospital at one week old and placed on liquid antiretroviral therapy.
Investigators wanted to get a clearer understanding of the impact of starting antiretroviral therapy on the risk of TB.
The antiretroviral drug tenofovir, for example, is known to be associated with decreased bone mineral density.
With the rapid scaleup of antiretroviral therapy in India both in the public and private sectors, more patients are benefited.
Much is unknown regarding antiretroviral coverage in South Africa.
(1.) The Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration, Life expectancy of individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy in high-income countries: a collaborative analysis of 14 cohort studies, Lancet, 372(9635):293-299.