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References in periodicals archive ?
Intracolonic pressure measurements during hydrostatic and air contrast barium enema studies in children.
Diagnosis of colorectal neoplasms at double-contrast barium enema examination.
Colonoscopy every 10 years is widely favored as the ideal screening test, but annual stool guaiac testing coupled with flexible sigmoidoscopy every 3 years or with sigmoidoscopy and double-contrast barium enema every 5 years also are recommended.
Mean skin dose and DAP for various examinations (range of measured skin dose and DAP readings in parentheses) Mean DAP Number of Mean skin ([micro] Examination examinations dose (mGy) [Gym.sup.2]) Barium swallow 101 79 1 912 (62-347) (235-7 276) Barium meal 27 127 2 343 (38-395) (47-6 505) Hexabrix swallow 35 57 1 643 (7-242) (241-9 712) Gastrografin meal 12 75 2 689 (10-131) (167-6 979) Barium enema 31 177 5 062 (55-487) (519-20 296) Voiding cystourethrogram 106 63 1 560 (7-579) (130-1 626) Fistulogram 7 71 1 320 (9-155) (154-2 559) Myelogram 6 117 1 821 (1-292) (14-5 266) Nephrostomy 8 38 1 458 (7-179) (161-2 559) Loopogram 3 31 810 (22-49) (746-910) * Values of skin dose and DAP to the nearest integer.
Dose-area product readings for fluoroscopic and plain film examinations, including an analysis of the source of variation for barium enema examinations.
Barium enema (BE) x-ray exams are another colorectal cancer screening option.
(4,5) Colorectal cancer is currently detected by a variety of image- and stool-based screening methods, such as the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), double-contrast barium enema, and colonoscopy.
Keywords: colon cancer, colorectal cancer, screening tests, diagnostic test, fecal occult blood test, digital rectum examination, barium enema, colonoscopy, genetic testing
Another screening test is the double-contrast barium enema, which is rarely used today because, although it identifies polyps, it does not allow for their removal.
Several options exist for colon cancer screening: fecal occult blood tests (which checks for hidden blood in the stool), flexible sigmoidoscopy (which uses a short flexible scope to examine the lower portion of the colon and rectum), barium enema (an X-ray of the colon), virtual colonoscopy (a more specialized X-ray using CAT scan technology) and colonoscopy (which uses a long flexible scope to examine the entire colon).
Methods used to detect effects were oro-cecal transit time by hydrogen expiration, total gastrointestinal transit time by carmine red method, gastric emptying time by radiolabelled test meal or sonography, direct observation of colonic motility or indirect recording through pressure changes or relieve of colonic spasms during barium enema examination.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that show that the typical cost of a screening procedure is about $10 to $25 for a fecal occult blood test, $150 to $300 for a flexible sigmoidoscopy, $250 to $500 for a double-contrast barium enema, and $800 to $1,600 for a colonoscopy.