While a strong positive association was seen for blood urea nitrogen
as a marker for kidney function both at baseline (r= 0.728; p=0.000) and follow up (r=0.747; p=0.001).
Blood metabolites: Blood samples of two animals of each group were analyzed for blood urea nitrogen
and blood glucose to see the nitrogen available in blood stream be used for recycling and energy available for microbial protein and volatile fatty acid synthesis in the body.
The levels of blood urea nitrogen
and creatinine in VPA group tended to increase indicating that the VPA kidney begins to dysfunction after 10 days of experiment.
Table I.- Effect of xylazine-ketamine and isoflurane on mean arterial pressure (MAP) (mm Hg), heart rate (HR) (beats/min), partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) (%), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), urea and blood urea nitrogen
(BUN) of rabbits undergoing ovariohysterectomy.
Laboratory parameter (unit) Value On-admission Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 7.1 [+ or -] 3.1 Blood urea nitrogen
(mg/dL) 49.9 [+ or -] 21.0 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11.0 [+ or -] 2.2 White blood cell (/[mm.sup.3]) 6.9 [+ or -] 3.2 (x [10.sup.3]) Neutrophil (%) 67.8 [+ or -] 11.6 Red blood cell (/[mm.sup.3]) 3.8 [+ or -] 0.8 (x [10.sup.6]) Platelet (/[mm.sup.3]) 181.0 [+ or -] 63.7 (x [10.sup.3]) Laboratory parameter (unit) Value On-discharge Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 2.1 [+ or -] 1.2 Blood urea nitrogen
(mg/dL) 40.5 [+ or -] 20.0 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 9.3 [+ or -] 1.8 White blood cell (/[mm.sup.3]) 7.5 [+ or -] 5.3 (x [10.sup.3]) Neutrophil (%) 83.3 [+ or -] 11.3 Red blood cell (/[mm.sup.3]) 3.3 [+ or -] 0.6 (x [10.sup.6]) Platelet (/[mm.sup.3]) 159.0 [+ or -] 69.5 (x [10.sup.3])
Among the patients with endoscopically confirmed varices, patients admitted on off-hours were older (P=0.015) and had lower red blood cell (P=0.026) and serum albumin (P<0.001) and higher white blood cell (P<0.001), blood urea nitrogen
(P<0.001), potassium (P=0.001), prothrombin time (P=0.027), INR (P=0.04), Child-Pugh score (P<0.001), MELD score (P=0.023), recalibrated MELD score (P=0.023), and ALBI score (P<0.001) than those admitted on regular hours.
1 hour 6 hours (Initial labs) (Unresponsive) Sodium (mEq/L) 132 139 Chloride (mEq/L) 92 100 Potassium (mEq/L) 6.4 3.8 Bicarbonate (mEq/L) 7 8 Calculated plasma Osmolarity 325 314 (mEq/L of Water) * Blood urea nitrogen
(mg/dl) 42 30 Creatinine (mg/dl) 2.0 1.42 Glucose (mg/dl) 838 471 Calculated anion gap 33 31 Acetone "LARGE" 28 hours (Cardiac arrest) Sodium (mEq/L) 170 Chloride (mEq/L) 138 Potassium (mEq/L) 3.7 Bicarbonate (mEq/L) 18 Calculated plasma Osmolarity 363 (mEq/L of Water) * Blood urea nitrogen
(mg/dl) 29 Creatinine (mg/dl) 3.78 Glucose (mg/dl) 243 Calculated anion gap 14 Acetone * Plasma osmolarity calculated as 2[Na] + [glucose]/18 + [BUN]/ 2.8.
Urinary albumin, blood urea nitrogen
, and blood creatinine are commonly used to characterize the renal dysfunction in clinical diagnosis.
Laboratory tests reveal a low lithium level of 0.3 mEq/L (reference range, 0.6 to 1.2 mEq/L), a low valproic acid level of 29.2 pg/mL (reference range, 50 to 100 [micro]g/mL), hemoglobin [A.sub.1c] 5% (reference range, <5.7%), thyroid-stimulating hormone 0.4 mlU/L (reference range, 0.4 to 4.5 mlU/L), creatinine 1.36 mg/dL (reference range, 0.6 to 1.35 mg/dL), blood urea nitrogen
(BUN) 11 mg/dL (reference range, 7 to 25 mg/dL), a normal complete blood count, and an otherwise unremarkable chemistry panel.
* No Significant Difference in Blood urea nitrogen
, Urea, Uric acid and 100m hurdle time for female college students.
Blood samples were sent to the laboratory for analysis of serum LDH concentration, blood urea nitrogen
(BUN) concentration, serum creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, serum alanine transaminase, serum aspartate transaminase and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) concentration.
Blood chemistry showed blood urea nitrogen
(BUN) of 222 mg/dL; serum creatinine, 25.4 mg/dL; total protein, 5.7 g/dL; albumin, 3.3 g/dL; lactate dehydrogenase, 403IU/L; aspartate aminotransferase, 46IU/L; alanine aminotransferase, 44 IU/L; serum sodium, 139 mmol/L; and serum potassium, 6.1 mmol/L, glucose 97 mg/dL.