BM+

(redirected from bone marrow infiltration)
AcronymDefinition
BM+bone marrow infiltration
BM+bone marrow metastases
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References in periodicals archive ?
Autologous bone marrow "rescue", is an another reason to accurately assess marrow status in newly diagnosed cases.3 With advanced disease patients often have bone marrow infiltration which is categorised as stage 4 and 4S of the International Neuroblastoma Staging System(INSS).
Patients with present bone lesions and bone marrow infiltration higher than 60% have statistically lower survival rate without disease progression (Graph 3a and 3b).
Bilateral bone marrow trephine biopsy was done bilaterally from right and left posterior superior iliac spine to assess the patterns of bone marrow infiltration. Among serological markers b2m was estimated by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).
CLL-associated thrombocytopenia may be due to bone marrow infiltration by the disease and the splenomegaly usually found in these patients.
In conclusion the aim of this case presentation is to emphasize that bone marrow infiltration is not the only cause of thrombocytopenia at diagnosis in neuroblastoma.
It is difficult to identify the origin of the tumor when it is not associated with bone marrow infiltration, namely "aleukemic leukemia cutis" (4).
Usually multiple factors contribute to the haematological derangements, and a meticulous, logical approach, including consideration of all possible contributors such as haematinic deficiencies, drug effects and bone marrow infiltration, should be considered.
Bone marrow infiltration from AIDS-related conditions is common in advanced, untreated HIV; this may be evidenced by a pancytopaenia, or an anaemia with minimal reticulocyte production.
Symptoms of MM are the result of bone marrow infiltration, the development of bone neoplasms, and the effects of the disease process on the renal system.
There are many causes for anaemia and in malignant disease it is usually caused by bone marrow infiltration by abnormal cells (leukaemia, neuroblastoma and lymphoma) and may be due to excessive bleeding from the low platelet count that often accompanies bone marrow infiltration.
Malignancies are a well-documented cause of anemia, with inhibition of erythropoiesis attributed to disorders such as myelodysplastic syndrome, bone marrow infiltration by tumor, and advanced myeloma.
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