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Related to downy woodpecker: European Starling, Ivory Billed Woodpecker
DOWODowny Woodpecker
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Among nonpasserines, Red-bellied and Downy Woodpeckers were abundant at all three sites; whereas, Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Chimney Swift, Northern Flicker, and Hairy Woodpecker were abundant at Bohm Woods (Table 5).
Home ranges for downy woodpeckers range from approximately 2-12 ha (Jackson and Ouellet, 2002), whereas those for red-bellied woodpeckers range from less than 2 to 19 ha (Shackelford et al., 2000).
Although evidence for a positive relationship between woodland size and downy woodpecker population size is lacking, density has been found related to woodland canopy height (Robbins et al.
One of my favorite passages about the downy woodpecker was written by A.C.
"That's a downy woodpecker, probably a youngster," Montgomery says, pointing out a visitor to one of his bird-feeders.
Belted kingfisher, 7; red-bellied woodpecker, 20; yellow-bellied sapsucker, 1; downy woodpecker, 147; hairy woodpecker, 36; pileated woodpecker, 2.
Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens): Our smallest woodpecker, similar to hairy woodpecker but with a shorter beak.
X-shaped footprints indicate a downy woodpecker landed to retrieve fallen suet.
Now the downy woodpeckers, with their striped wings and their tidy red caps, come and go from the peanut feeder, not nearly so cautious in my presence as in the days of summertime plenty.
Worcester's 2012 count totaled an impressive 89 species, which were dominated by 1,741 Canada geese, 1,533 ring-billed gulls, 1,373 black capped chickadees, 1,162 crows, 1,108 juncos, 996 robins, 881 starlings, 829 mallards, 795 house sparrows, 437 common mergansers, 401 goldfinches, 345 rock pigeons, 324 white-breasted nuthatches, 292 titmice, 274 hooded mergansers, 245 mourning doves, 236 blue jays, 196 cardinals, 196 house finches, 190 downy woodpeckers, 174 bluebirds, 138 greater scaup, 138 song sparrows, 135 redpolls, 118 common goldeneyes, 114 red-breasted nuthatches, and 100 black ducks.
(Downy woodpeckers drum rapidly, about 15 times a second--but hairy woodpeckers drum even faster, at nearly twice the speed, about 25 times a second.) That howl in the darkness--is it a dog, or a coyote?
Downy woodpeckers (Picoides pubescens) can excavate a complete cavity in two weeks, whereas hairy woodpeckers (Picoides villosus) can take up to four weeks (Kilham 1983).