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Related to expiratory reserve volume: vital capacity, inspiratory capacity, total lung capacity
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References in periodicals archive ?
In a cross sectional study of 1674 adults aged above 18 years found negative association between BMI and pulmonary function among overweight and obese, while BMI was positively associated with FVC and FEV1 in normalweight subjects.10 Similar findings were observed among Indian male and females of 20 - 40 years of age.11 Sekhri V et al, in a recent study of 433 morbidly obese patients found a significant impact of increased BMI on the forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV1), expiratory reserve volume (ERV), residual volume (RV), total lung capacity (TLC) and partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2).12
The most important point of comparison in the reporting of TLC, making use of either body plethysmography or nitrogen washout or helium dilution, is that the SVC, used to calculate VC and expiratory reserve volume ERV, should be comparable to the FVC from spirometry.
Vital capacity, total lung capacity and expiratory reserve volume were all markedly decreased while residual volumes were substantially increased.[12] All patients demonstrated a marked decrease in the anterioposterior (AP) diameter of the rib cage during a forced expiration, but the reduction in the upper portion of the rib cage was disproportionately larger than the reduction in the lower portion of the rib cage.