As shown by Table 1 that salinity stress has significantly reduced the growth and production of brassica but the exogenous application of proline and glycine betaine
minimizes the effect of salinity.
Wilkinson, "Staphylococcus aureus osmoregulation: Roles for choline, glycine betaine
, proline, and taurine," Journal of Bacteriology, vol.
Ashraf M and Foolad MR (2007) Roles of glycine betaine
and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance.
NaCl Stress Enormously Promoted the Accumulation of Proline and Glycine Betaine
, Especially for the Mature Seedlings of Wild Soybean under 300 mM Treatment.
Kwon, "Glycine betaine
: a versatile compound with great potential for gene pyramiding to improve crop plant performance against environmental stresses," Plant Biotechnology Reports, vol.
In moderately halophilic bacterium [Ba.sub.1], the intracellular level of glycine betaine
is directly proportional to salt-stress in salinities of 0.5 to 3.0 M NaCl, suggesting its role as a strong osmoregulatory solute (Risk, et al., 1982).
Meanwhile, the researcher said that survival rates of mice after radiation exposures, both low-LET radiation and heavy particle radiation, were improved when glycine betaine
Meanwhile, the survival rates of mice after radiation exposures, both low-LET radiation and heavy particle radiation, are improved when glycine betaine
coli mt1D wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) D-Ononitol IMT1 (myo-inositol O-methyl trans- tobacco ferase) of common ice plant Sorbitol Stpd1 (sorbitol-6-phosphate dehy- Japanese persimmon drogenase) of apple, driven by CaMV 35S promoter Glycine betaine
Arthrobacter globiformis CodA Arabidopsis (choline oxidase) A.
Positive direct effects observed by shoot length (1.1053), root length (1.8386), fresh root weight (0.4742), sugar (3.3994) and glycine betaine
(1.1224) on osmotic adjustment under drought stress.
Foolad, 2007.Role of glycine betaine
and proline in improvingplant abiotic stress resistance.
Other ingredients: concentrated extract of glycine betaine
, zeatin, humic and fulvic acids.