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Related to intrathoracic pressure: intrapleural pressure
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References in periodicals archive ?
Common predisposing factors for pneumomediastinum were vomiting, coughing, use of cocaine, barotrauma, asthma, excess alcohol consumption, secondary condition to increased intrathoracic pressure, valsalva maneuver, and weight lifting.
Reports on fetal intrathoracic pressure in cases of congenital chylothorax revealed a correlation between increased intrathoracic pressure and ultrasonographic signs of mediastinal shift and diaphragm inversion [5].
Horner's syndrome may not only occur as a result of a surgical trauma to stellate ganglia, may occur due to a change in negative intrathoracic pressure during the placement of thoracoport, too (15).
Factors that modulate chyle flow include diet, intestinal function, physical activity, respiration rate, and changes in intra-abdominal and intrathoracic pressure [40].
We also maintained spontaneous ventilation to avoid an increase in intrathoracic pressure, maintain cardiac output, and preserve passive pulmonary arterial (PA) blood flow in respect to his Glenn shunt.
If noninvasive ventilatory support is utilized, providers should consider using minimal pressure settings (i.e., only enough to overcome device resistance) to reduce intrathoracic pressure which might increase leftto-right shunt and subsequently predispose to paradoxical embolism in patients with a patent foramen ovale.
During the respiratory cycle, inspiration results in negative intrathoracic pressure, and CSF is drawn into the pleural space.
PVI is a measure of dynamic changes in Perfusion Index (PI) that occur during one or more complete respiratory cycles, and may show changes that reflect physiologic factors such as vascular tone, circulating blood volume, and intrathoracic pressure excursions.
They are visible during straining, a Valsalva maneuver, or other actions that cause increased intrathoracic pressure. The differential diagnosis includes laryngocele, pharyngocele, branchial or superior mediastinal cyst, pulmonary apical bulla and, less commonly, a vascular malformation.
Since joining Zoll in 2008 as president, Rennert has led the company to become the global leader in external defibrillation, has diversified the product portfolio through the addition of transport ventilators and intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) therapy, and has overseen the establishment of Asahi Kasei Zoll Medical, Zoll's Japanese subsidiary.
[7,8] Causative factors of SPM are less clear although some of the trigger factors such as asthma attack, barotrauma, intrathoracic pressure increase, valsalva maneuver, and withdrawal symptoms of illicit drugs are known.
While a penetrating diaphragmatic injury from a rib fracture is typically small and may be initially inconspicuous, it will likely enlarge over time as negative intrathoracic pressure with inspiration gradually promotes herniation of abdominal contents into the chest [2, 8].