Measuring such nonequivalence
is difficult in the context of an international relationship, especially the one between South Korea and North Korea, since Pyongyang has thus far refused equivalent diplomatic negotiations.
In Warner-Jenkinson, by contrast, the critical fact issue underlying the Court's decision to remand the case was that "the record seem[ed] not to reveal the reason for including the lower pH limit of 6.0." (137) The result is that in Moore, the court supported its finding of nonequivalence
by noting the affirmative choice made by the patentee, whereas in Warner-Jenkinson the lower court had not yet made a finding as to the reason for the patentee's amendment to the claim.
Taken together, the empirical evidence clearly indicates that, when statistical comparisons have adequate power to detect differences, psychotherapy nonequivalence
is the rule, not the exception.
represent a separate and independent argument for the nonequivalence
(19) An incorrect inclusion of matching grants in the estimation is likely to offer a nonequivalence
result, but would not constitute a negation of the Bradford and Oates result.
In a 1993 study aptly tided" The Nonequivalence
of High School Equivalents;' Stephen Cameron and James Heckman found that recipients of a regular high-school degree earn approximately 11 percent more than youths with a GED certificate.
If computerized testing does not allow the examinee to skip around or know the number of items being administered as a conventional paper-and-pencil test does, then this is another factor that leads to nonequivalence
between the two versions of the test (Moreland, 1992).
transformation of [lambda]-matrix eigenvalue problems and model embedding approach to model tuning, Numer.
To minimize the nonequivalence
between the electrical and optical heating, the design incorporates features to reduce the thermal gradients in the optical cavity and to minimize conduction and convection losses.
In this study, attrition rates were equivalent for treatment and control conditions, as were pretest levels of ATOD use for the final analysis sample, supporting the conclusion that the prevention effects resulted from the intervention and not from differential attrition or pretest nonequivalence
Heckman, "The Nonequivalence
of High School Equivalents," Journal of Labor Economics, vol.
of High School Equivalents, "Journal of Labor Economics, 11, January 1993, pp.