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Related to pernicious anemia: iron deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia
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AcronymDefinition
PAPhysician Assistant
PAPublic Address
PAPennsylvania (US postal abbreviation)
PAPurchasing Agent
PAPort Angeles (Washington)
PAPublic Affairs
PAPará (Brazilian state)
PAPara (Brazil)
PAPublic Address system
PAPrincess Anne (high school in Virginia Beach, Virginia)
PAPublic Administration
PAPort Authority (of NY and NJ)
PAPress Association (British National News Agency)
PAProgram Administrator
PAPublic Assistance
PAProfessional Association
PAPoint A
PAParents Association
PAPhysical Activity (health)
PAProgram Announcement
PAPanama
PAPay Attention
PAPrivacy Act
PAPublic Accounting
PAPoints Against
PAPower of Attorney
PAPeople's Association (Singapore)
PAPersonal Assistant
PAPut Away
PAPolice Academy
PAPass Along
PAPolitical Affairs (journal of the Communist Party of the United States of America)
PAPre Approval (to adopt)
PAPan Am (airline)
PAPhillips Academy (Andover)
PAPerformance Analysis
PAPalo Alto (California)
PAPrince Albert (piercing)
PAPrince Albert (Canada)
PAProduction Assistant (filmmaker)
PAProduction Assistant
PAPeace Agreement
PAProgram Assistant
PAParaguay
PAPerformance Assessment
PAPamela Anderson
PAProject Administrator
PAProgrammer/Analyst
PAPower-Amplifier
PAPower Amplifier
PAPascal
PAPalestinian Authority
PAPenny Arcade (webcomic)
PAProtected Area (conservation)
PAPrior Authorization (Pharmacy Benefits)
PAPale Ale
PAPort Adapter (Cisco)
PAParty Animal
PAPersonal Appearance
PAPublic Announcement
PAPublishers Association
PAPlanning Authority
PAPulmonary Artery
PAProcess Analysis
PAPolicy Analyst
PAPakistan Army
PAProfessional Associates
PAPublish America (book publisher)
PAPer Annum
PAParalegal
PAPolk Audio
PAPlein Air (Quebec)
PAPali (linguistics)
PAPower Act (gaming)
PAPaisley (postcode, United Kingdom)
PAPersonal Accident (insurance)
PAPerformance Appraisal
PAProject Architect
PAPublic Appearance
PAProcess Automation
PAPersonnel Action
PAPreliminary Assessment
PAPoint d'Appui (French: Support Point)
PAParental Advisory
PAPassive Aggressive (behavioral health)
PAPersonnel Administration (various organizations)
PAPhilippine Army
PAPreferred Alternative
PAPsychoanalysis
PAProcess Area
PAPhonological Awareness
PAProject Accounting
PAProgram Access
PAPost-Apocalyptic
PABureau of Public Affairs
PAPeople's Alliance
PAPlasminogen Activator (biochemistry)
PAPerfect Attendance
PAProblem Analysis
PAPseudomonas aeruginosa (bacteria)
PAPlanet of the Apes (movie)
PAPolyamide
PAPernicious Anemia
PAPublic Aid (Medicaid)
PAPregnancy-Associated
PAPracticing Attorney
PAProject Analyst
PAPharmacological Action (US NIH)
PAPhthalic Anhydride (organic compound)
PAPatients Association (UK)
PAPenny Arcade (comic strip)
PAPsoriatic Arthritis
PAPunk Ass
PAPeace Arch (US/Canada border)
PAPicatinny Arsenal
PAPrecautionary Approach (fisheries)
PAPlayahead (Internet community)
PAPantothenic Acid
PAPosition Angle (astronomy)
PAPlate Appearance (Baseball)
PAPrivate Adoption
PAPreferential Attachment (mathematics)
PAPoint Analysis
PAProject Assessment
PAProtactinium
PAProtective Antigen (microbiology)
PAPollution Abatement
PAPersistent Asthma
PAParticle Accelerator
PAPress Agent
PAPersonal Adviser
PAPaying Agent
PAPorte-Avions (French, aircraft carrier)
PAPinkerton Academy (New Hampshire)
PAPrivate Account
PAPancreatic Adenocarcinoma
PAPlant Air
PAPax Americana
PAPreparing Activity
PAProcessing Activities
PAPersonalausweis (German: identity card)
PAProtocol Analyzer
PAProgrammatic Agreement (USACE)
PAPosterior Anterior (radiology)
PAPredictive Analysis
PAProject Agreement
PAProduct Assurance
PAPalermo, Sicilia (Italian province)
PAPrecision Approach (avionics)
PAPressure Altitude
PAPower Automation
PAPolicy Article (medical policy)
PAProduction Agency
PAProperty Administrator
PAPhantom Assassin (gaming)
PAPreventative Action
PAPreferred Address
PAPermit Authority
PAProanthocyanidin (flavanol class)
PAProhibited Areas
PAPrednisolone Acetate (eye medication; usually followed by %)
PAPolyacryl
PAPersonal Alarm
PAPartial Agreement
PAPolitical Agent (Pakistan)
PAPeer Advisor
PAPotential Equalisation
PAProvider Aggregatable (Internet Provider addresses)
PAPersonal Agent
PAPublic Attorney
PAPartner Association
PAPathologists' Assistant
PAPlanetarion (online game)
PAPerformance Assurance
PAPension Adjustment
PAPressure Alarm
PAProxy Agreement
PAPrecision Attack
PAPending Availability
PAProgramming Assistant (campus residential officer)
PAPost Adjutant
PAProgram Authorization
PAPropionic Acidemia
PAPrincipal Administrator
PAPilote Automatique (French: Autopilot)
PAProject Authorization
PAProponent Agency
PAProject Audit
PAPrivacy Advocate
PAPerfect Attack (gaming, Dance Dance Revolution)
PAProsecution Attorney
PAPastoral Assistant
PAPrivatization Agency
PAProducing Ability (breeding)
PAPublic Audio
PAProof Assistant
PAParliamentary Assistant (Ontario Government)
PAPooling Administrator
PAPepper-Ann (TV show)
PAProfessional Audio System
PAParticipatory Appraisal
PAProduction Acceptance
PAProton Affinity
PAPassenger Address
PAPicoampere
PAProcurement Army
PAPartido Arnulfista (Arnulfista Party, Panama)
PAPaper Advance
PAProject Arrangement
PAPhysical Affair
PAProvider Assigned (IP address space assigned to a specific provider by IANA)
PAProgrammed Amount (USACE)
PAPastoral Administrator
PAProtected Administrator (computer security)
PAPerforming Activity (CEFMS)
PAProfessor's Assistant
PAProduct Accelerator
PAPassenger Announcement (airlines)
PAProgressão Aritmética
PAPerverted Ass
PAPayroll Area
PAPierce Armor (Age of Kings game)
PAProcurement Authorization
PAPhysician's Association
PAPhotoinduced Absorption
PAPolar Air Mass
PAProcurement Appropriation
PAPseudomonas Aeruginosa Lectin
PAPosition Approximate
PAPride Africa (Herndon, VA)
PAParti de l'Action (French: Action Party, Morocco)
PAPre-Auditing
PAPaulus Apostolus (Apostol Paul)
PAParapsychological Association, Inc (Petaluma, California)
PAPre-Arbitrated
PAPayload Accommodations
PAProduct Accumulate (linear code)
PAPreplaced-Aggregate (concrete)
PAPerforate Artery (Darke Age of Camelot game)
PAPremier Agendas, Inc. (US)
PAPass-through Applications
PAPutt and Approach (disc golf)
PAPhysical Abuse/Assault
PAPeano Arithmetics
PAPerverts Anonymous
PAProduktaansprakelijkheid (Dutch: product responsibility)
PAPokémon Aaah! (website)
PAParalyzed Age (band)
PAPlatinum Aero (band)
PAProcess Allocator
PAPrune Agar
PAPatronato Antialcohólico (Guatemala)
PAPlaza Automotriz (Guatemala car dealer)
PAPaniagua y Asociados (Guatemala, consulting agency)
PAProcurement Aide/Assistant
PAPosition Adaptivity
PAParamedic's Assistant
PAPersisting to an Older Age
PAPurchasing Aide/Assistant
PAProgram Account/Allocation
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References in periodicals archive ?
Irrespective of whether the antral gastritis in pernicious anemia is an extension of an immune process into the antrum or a superimposed pattern of hypersecretory (type B) gastritis, the frequency of H.
Studies dating back to the 1950s showed that [B.sub.12] could be absorbed orally in patients with pernicious anemia, and that two mechanisms of absorption of [B.sub.12] exist: one involving intrinsic factor and one that does not (J.
Pernicious anemia is the most common cause of Vit [B.sub.12] deficiency in the West.
Several mechanisms contribute to the signs and symptoms of pernicious anemia. Deficiencies of intrinsic factor lead to vitamin B12 deficiency and a condition of pernicious anemia.
Blocking antibodies specific for IF are present in more than one-half of all patients with pernicious anemia. The alkaline hydrolysis denaturation step, coupled with 37 [degrees]C incubation, has been shown to inactivate high titers of IF-blocking antibodies in a sample.
Nurses must be alert to the possibility of vitamin deficiency, particularly in patients over the age of 50, alcoholics, and those with a history of gastric conditions, surgeries, or a family history of pernicious anemia. All diagnostic testing should proceed from screening to tests aimed at determining the cause of the deficiency.
Since patients with pernicious anemia had a characteristic lack of hydrochloric acid in their gastric juice, Castle suggested, in 1929, that it was some component of normal gastric juice that brought about the absorption of the antipernicious-anemia vitamin.
In pernicious anemia, where oral absorption of vitamin B12 does not take place, treatment is the administration of vitamin B12 by parenteral route.
One of the two main arguments against an increase in folic acid is that an excess of folic acid in the diet can mask pernicious anemia, caused by vitamin [B.sub.12] deficiency in older people.
* Mild, preclinical [B.sub.12] deficiency is associated with food-[B.sub.12] malabsorption more often than with pernicious anemia. (C)
Pernicious anemia is one of the most common causes of cobalamin deficiency.
One patient with psoriasis had extremely low levels of folate, and also was found to have atrophic gastritis and pernicious anemia and was excluded from further analysis.