where [C.sub.p,v] is the

specific heat of steam (J/kgK), [DELTA][H.sub.wv] is the

specific heat of vaporization (J/kg), and [N.sub.scf] is the electric energy of the feed screw (kWh/t).

Like polymer density, the correlation of the

specific heat capacity at a constant pressure of the polymer melt changing with the polymer temperature [11] is as following:

where Q is the battery heat generation in J, m is cell mass in g, [C.sub.p] is the cell

specific heat capacity in J/(g K), AT is cell temperature rise in K, q is battery instantaneous heat generation power in W, and dT/dt is temperature rise rate in K/s.

where T is the temperature ([degrees]C), [tau] is the curing age (d), [rho] is the density of concrete (kg/[m.sup.3]), [lambda]([alpha]) is the thermal conductivity at the different hydration degree (kJ/(m-d-[degrees]C)), c([alpha]) is the

specific heat at the different hydration degree (kJ/(kg-[degrees]C)), and Q([alpha]) is the released heat associated with an internal source and is provided by the hydration reaction itself (kJ/([m.sup.3] x d)).

The behaviors of the rescaled

specific heat [mathematical expression not reproducible] for the cases P < [P.sub.c], P = [P.sub.c], and P > [P.sub.c] are shown in Figure 1.

where Mw is mass of water in sauce pan, Cw is

specific heat capacity of water, [DELTA] is local boiling temperature-initial temperature of water (K), Fcm is fuel consumed (moist) (g), LHV is net calorific value (J/g), Mwv is mass of water vaporised (g), and h is specific enthalpy of vaporisation (J/g).

where [C.sub.p] is

specific heat and [alpha] is thermal diffusivity.

where [Q.sub.total] is the total heat transfer needed from the ambient charge to vaporize a liquid fuel droplet, [T.sub.d,init], [T.sub.d,end] are the initial and final droplet temperatures, [C.sub.p,liq] is liquid

specific heat, [m.sub.d] is the droplet mass, and [h.sub.vap] is heat of vaporization.

3 shows variation of ration of thermophysical properties (thermal conductivity,

specific heat, density and Prandtl number) of nanofluids as function of nanoparticle volume fraction.

Reference [16] is the only work present till date to account for the influence of magnetic field upon the direct values of

specific heat for [Er.sub.3]Ni.

Amorphous (a-)Ce-Mn and a-Ce-Ru alloys in Ce high concentration region exhibit a large electronic

specific heat coefficient [gamma] (>200 mJ/mol[K.sup.2]) and [T.sup.2] law with a large coefficient A (>0.02 [micro][ohm]cm/K) in the low-temperature resistivity [6-10].

The

specific heat of concrete and graphite/PCM concrete is calculated from results of differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analysis [10].