AXBTAirborne/Air Expendable Bathythermograph
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The air-sea fluxes are computed from the GPS dropsonde and AXBT data.
The aircraft sampling strategy allowed for coherent observations of MCS structure and microphysics using the Doppler radar and microphysics probes and the large-scale atmospheric and ocean environment using the GPS dropsonde and AXBT measurements, which were not available in TOGA COARE.
We are grateful to Patrick Chuang, Mikael Witte, and Bob Black for their help in processing the microphysics data; Scott Brown for collecting the IR SST imaging data; David Trampp, Jeff Kerling, and Qing Wang for the AXBT data; Tammy Weckwerth and Scott Ellis for helping with the aircraft missions using S-PolKa data near Gan Island; Jeff Hawkins for providing the satellite data in real time; Jon Gottschalck and Nick Hall for real-time forecasting support; and Ed Ryan for assisting with the cloud-cluster tracking during DYNAMO.
The final ITOP flight measured Megi's cold wake in the region of peak intensity using air-deployed expendable current, temperature, and salinity (AXCP, AXBT, and AXCTD) probes.
ITOP was able to estimate directly the oceanic influence on air-sea fluxes by measuring ocean and atmospheric properties simultaneously using pairs of dropsondes and AXBTs deployed in each storm's inner core.